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Core components

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​​In addition to the 6 subjects that candidates undertake, students must also complete 3 additional course requirements which constitute the International Baccalaureate ( IB)​ 'core':

  • Creativity, Action, Service (CAS)
  • Theory of Knowledge (TOK)
  • Extended Essay (EE)

Creativity, Activity, Service

Creativity, Activity, Service (CAS) helps students become responsible, compassionate citizens of the world.

  • Creativity—Participation in arts activities as well as the creativity shown in designing and implementing service projects.
  • Action—Participation in individual and team sports but also taking part in expeditions, local and international projects.
  • Service—Community and social service.

CAS acknowledges in a formal academic the wonderful non-academic contributions and roles students are already pursuing with the clubs, teams and community organizations. On the other hand, CAS also nudges students to broaden their horizons by beginning such endeavours or considering types of activities that would not have previously.

In addition to CAS activities, students are required to design, lead and execute a CAS project. The difference between the two is the duration, detail and depth of role, with the project having more leadership and organizational requirements.

Possible CAS activities

Creativity

  • Model united nations
  • School magazine
  • Speech and debating
  • Art projects
  • School musical
  • Photography
  • Music lessons/performance
  • Choir
  • Kids Biz program at MCSS

Activity

  • Sport—individual and/or team
  • Student leadership
  • Relay for life
  • Hosting visiting students
  • Maths competitions
  • Personal hobbies
  • Outdoor pursuits, e.g. rock climbing, trekking
  • Community projects

Service

  • Young scholars' programme
  • World vision
  • Relay for life
  • Tutoring
  • Environmental activities
  • Coaching
  • International student programme promotion
  • School leadership

Theory of knowledge

Theory of knowledge is central to the philosophy of the IB diploma. This course of study is designed to:

  • stimulate critical reflection on knowledge and experience
  • encourage students to examine the grounds for moral, political and aesthetic judgements
  • challenge students to question the bases of knowledge
  • challenge students to be aware of subjective and ideological biases
  • develop in students the ability to analyse evidence and see issues from multiple, possibly conflicting, disciplinary perspectives.

The extended essay

The extended essay acquaints candidates with the kind of research, analysis and essay writing skills expected by universities. The extended essay is a chance for students to undertake study and research in an area of their choice and provides opportunities for students to broaden their understanding through study of a subject in more depth.

Students can choose to do an Extended Essay​ in a subject area that they currently study, or a World Studies Extended Essay which as an inter-disciplinary research investigation across 2 subject areas.


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Last reviewed 29 July 2021
Last updated 29 July 2021